Antimicrobial resistance

Development process of the global action plan on antimicrobial resistance

The development of this global action plan on antimicrobial resistance, requested by the Health Assembly in resolution WHA67.25 in May 2014, reflects a global consensus that antimicrobial resistance poses a profound threat to human health.

The WHO Secretariat led the development of a global action plan that takes into account the commitment, perspectives and roles of all relevant stakeholders, and in which everyone has clear and shared ownership and responsibilities. The action plan is based on several multi-stakeholder consultations at different global and regional fora, which include:

  • September 2013: 1st Meeting of WHO’s Strategic and Technical Advisory Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (STAG-AMR) to advise the Director-General on WHO's strategic plan and priority activities to tackle AMR.
  • April 2014: 2nd Meeting of the STAG-AMR, with representatives from other organizations, to advise on the main areas of concern, priorities for action, and medium- to long-term objectives for inclusion in the draft global action plan.
  • June 2014: A Ministerial Conference on antimicrobial resistance hosted by the government of the Netherlands, with the objective to accelerate political commitment and generate contributions to the global action plan.
  • October 2014: An Informal Member States Consultation to provide Member States with the opportunity to comment before submissions to Executive Board and to the Health Assembly.
  • October 2014: 3rd meeting of the STAG-AMR to work on the further development of the draft action plan taking into account the comments received during the informal Member States consultation held prior to the meeting.
  • November 2014: A meeting hosted by the government of Norway to address antimicrobial medicine use, access and quality.
  • December 2014: A meeting hosted by the government of Sweden to promote the development of global surveillance capacity, systems and standards.
  • March 2015: A meeting hosted by the Government of Brazil to address the current gaps in innovation and research and development related to antimicrobial resistance.

Web-based consultation

To ensure that the views and contributions of all interested organizations and other groups are considered in the development of the global action plan, WHO invited contributions from all relevant organizations, institutions, networks, civil society groups, national authorities and ministries during an online consultation held between 4 July and 1 September 2014.