Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Economic evaluation of a task-shifting intervention for common mental disorders in India

Christine Buttorff, Rebecca S Hock, Helen A Weiss, Smita Naik, Ricardo Araya, Betty R Kirkwood, Daniel Chisholm & Vikram Patel

Volume 90, Number 11, November 2012, 813-821

Table 1. Average annual costs, per subject, in the intervention and control arms in public facilities, Goa, India, 2009

Type of expenditure Mean cost in US$a (SD)
Control (n = 825) Intervention (n = 823)
Health system
Outpatient 42 (61) 38 (78)
Inpatient 24 (102) 27 (195)
Investigations 5 (14) 5 (13)
Medication 17 (29) 17 (34)
Additional human resource costs 0 2 (2)
Subtotal 88 (140) 89 (246)
Time
Time costs of visiting outpatient facilities 17 (20) 10 (12)
Lost wages 108 (20) 64 (133)
Costs of time lost by family caregivers 12 (24) 11 (32)
Retreat costs 3 (13) 3 (16)
Subtotal 141 (198) 88 (153)
Total 229 (274) 177 (342)

SD, standard deviation; US$, United States dollars.

a Exchange rate: 46.5 Indian rupees = US$ 1. Note: The standard deviations in this table are unusually large because of the skew often found in cost data.