Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Parental perceptions surrounding polio and self-reported non-participation in polio supplementary immunization activities in Karachi, Pakistan: a mixed methods study

Asif Raza Khowaja, Sher Ali Khan, Naveeda Nizam, Saad Bin Omer & Anita Zaidi

Volume 90, Number 11, November 2012, 822-830

Table 1. Fraction of households surveyed and number and percentage of parents who refused to have their children vaccinated with the oral polio vaccine (OPV), by town within Karachi, Pakistan, 2011

No. Town/cantonment Total no. (%) of households surveyeda No. of parents (%)c who refused OPV
1 Keamari 36 (3.5) 4 (11.0)
2 SITE 72 (7.0) 6 (8.3)
3 Baldia 18 (1.8) 0 (0)
4 Orangi 117 (11.5) 17 (14.5)
5 Lyari 18 (1.8) 0 (0)
6 Saddar 36 (3.5) 0 (0)
7 Jamshed 54 (5.3) 1 (1.9)
8 Gulshan-e-Iqbal 126 (12.4) 4 (3.2)
9 Shah Faisal 27 (2.7) 0 (0)
10 Landhi 72 (7.0) 3 (4.2)
11 Korangi 63 (6.2) 1 (1.6)
12 North Nazimabad 45 (4.2) 5 (11.1)
13 New Karachi 36 (3.5) 3 (8.3)
14 Gulberg 36 (3.5) 0 (0)
15 Liaqatabad 45 (4.2) 4 (8.9)
16 Malir 18 (1.8) 2 (11.1)
17 Bin Qasim 45 (4.2) 9 (20.0)
18 Gadap 81 (8.0) 6 (7.4)
18a. DHA/Clifton 72 (7.0) 51 (71.0)
Total 1017 (99.1d) 116 (11.4)

DHA, Defence Housing Authority.

a One parent was interviewed per household.

b This represents the percentage of all households in the town.

c This includes parents who were interviewed in households as well as in shopping malls.

d This does not add up to 100 due to rounding.

Note: The towns and cantonment were classified socioeconomically as follows: low-income – Keamari, SITE, Baldia, Orangi, Lyari, Shah Faisal, Landhi, Korangi, Liaqatabad, Malir, Bin Qasim, Gadap; mixed (i.e. containing low-, middle- and high-income neighbourhoods) – Saddar, Jamshed, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, North Nazimabad, New Karachi, Gulberg; high-income – DHA/Clifton.