Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Parental perceptions surrounding polio and self-reported non-participation in polio supplementary immunization activities in Karachi, Pakistan: a mixed methods study

Asif Raza Khowaja, Sher Ali Khan, Naveeda Nizam, Saad Bin Omer & Anita Zaidi

Volume 90, Number 11, November 2012, 822-830

Table 3. Reasons reported by parents for their children not having participated in the two most recent polio supplementary immunization activities, by ethnicity and income group, Karachi, Pakistan, 2011

Reason No. (%) of parents
Low-income Pashtuns (n = 59) Low-income non-Pashtuns (n = 9) Middle- or high-incomea (n = 89) Total (n = 157)
No vaccinator came to the house 14 (23.7) 6 (66.7) 14 (15.7) 34 (21.6)
Family elder or husband refused 43 (72.9) 2 (22.2) 71 (79.8) 116 (73.9)
Child not at home when vaccinator visited 2 (3.4) 1 (11.1) 4 (4.5) 7 (4.5)

a All ethnicities.