Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Parental perceptions surrounding polio and self-reported non-participation in polio supplementary immunization activities in Karachi, Pakistan: a mixed methods study

Asif Raza Khowaja, Sher Ali Khan, Naveeda Nizam, Saad Bin Omer & Anita Zaidi

Volume 90, Number 11, November 2012, 822-830

Table 4. Reasons reported by parents for having refused to have their children vaccinated with the oral polio vaccine, by ethnicity and income group, Karachi, Pakistan, 2011

Reason No. (%) of parents
Low-income Pashtuns (n = 43) Low-income non-Pashtuns (n = 2) Middle- or high-incomea (n = 71) Total (n = 116)
Vaccine is unnecessary 1 (2.3) 0 (0) 6 (8.5) 7 (6)
Vaccine is harmful 7 (16.3) 0 (0) 51 (71.8) 58 (50)
Family elders/husband did not allow vaccination 33 (76.7) 2 (100) 5 (7) 40 (34.5)
Other reason 2 (4.7) 0 (0) 9 (12.7) 11 (9.5)

a All ethnicities.