Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Parental perceptions surrounding polio and self-reported non-participation in polio supplementary immunization activities in Karachi, Pakistan: a mixed methods study

Asif Raza Khowaja, Sher Ali Khan, Naveeda Nizam, Saad Bin Omer & Anita Zaidi

Volume 90, Number 11, November 2012, 822-830

Table 5. Results of univariate analysis comparing knowledge and perceptions surrounding polio and participation in polio supplementary immunization activities among low-income Pashtun and low-income non-Pashtun parents, Karachi, Pakistan, 2011

Indicator No. (%) of parents
OR (95% CI)
Low-income Pashtuns (n = 441) Low-income non-Pashtuns (n = 423)
Never heard of polio 29 (6.5) 13 (3.1) 2.2 (1.1–4.3)
Don’t know how the risk of getting polio in Pakistan compares with the risk in other countries (n = 410 parents who had heard of polio) 21 (24.4) 140 (43.2) 0.42 (0.2–0.72)
Don’t know if polio can be prevented (n = 410 parents who had heard of polio) 1 (1.2) 4 (1.2) 0.94 (0.10–8.5)
Have not heard about polio vaccine campaigna this year (2011) 193 (43.8) 47 (11.1) 6.2 (4.3–8.8)
Did not participate in either of the two most recent polio vaccine campaigns 59 (13.4) 9 (2.1) 7.1 (3.47–14.5)
Reason for non-participation in polio vaccine campaigns (n = 68)
No vaccinator came to the house 14 (23.7) 6 (66.7) 1.2 (0.08–15.46)
Family elder or husband refused 43 (72.9) 2 (22.2) 10.8 (0.66–174.6)

CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.

a Supplementary immunization activities are better known as polio vaccine campaigns.