Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Mortality after near-miss obstetric complications in Burkina Faso: medical, social and health-care factors

Katerini T Storeng, Seydou Drabo, Rasmané Ganaba, Johanne Sundby, Clara Calvert & Véronique Filippi

Volume 90, Number 6, June 2012, 418-425C

Table 2. Maternal mortality in the four years after pregnancy, by pregnancy outcome, age, parity and marital status, Burkina Faso, 2004–2009

Characteristic Pregnancy outcome
Uncomplicated pregnancy
Near-miss complicationa
Women alive at 4 yearsb
Women deceased at 4 years
Women lost to follow-upc
Pd Women alive at 4 years
Women deceased at 4 years
Women lost to follow-upe
Pd
No. % No. % No. % No. % No. % No. %
Age (years)
< 20 90 18.7 0 0 37 19.6 36 17.0 2 13.3 36 33.0
20–24 135 28.1 0 0 71 37.6 61 28.8 2 13.3 36 33.0
25–29 117 24.3 4 80.0 45 23.8 44 20.8 5 33.3 18 16.5
≥ 30 139 28.9 1 20.0 36 19.1 NA 71 33.5 6 40.0 19 17.4 0.47
Parity
0 NA NA NA NA NA NA 20 9.4 3 20.0 17 15.5
1–3 344 71.4 4 80.0 155 82.0 132 62.3 8 53.3 72 65.5
4+ 138 28.6 1 20.0 34 18.0 0.67 60 28.3 4 26.7 21 19.1 0.42
Marital status
Married or in a relationship 446 92.5 5 100.0 167 88.4 191 90.1 9 60.0 90 81.8
Single 36 7.5 0 0 22 11.6 NA 21 9.9 6 40.0 20 18.8 0.001

NA, not applicable.

a A near-miss complication is a severe obstetric complication that would probably kill the woman without timely medical care.

b Data were missing on age for two women, on parity for one and on marital status for one.

c Data were missing on age for two women, on parity for two and on marital status for two.

d P-values were calculated using the chi squared test, where possible, for differences between women who died and those who were alive and completed follow-up. Due to the small number of deaths among women with an uncomplicated delivery, it was not possible to calculate a P-value for the difference in age or marital status between women who died and those who survived.

e Data were missing on age for three women, on parity for two and on marital status for two.