Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Improving access to antidotes and antivenoms, Thailand

Netnapis Suchonwanich & Winai Wananukul

Volume 96, Number 12, December 2018, 853-857

Table 1. Patients treated and annual budget of the Thai national antidote programme, 2011–2017

Year Antidotes
Antivenoms
Total
No. of patients treated Budget, US$a No. of patients treated Budget, US$a No. of patients treated Budget, US$a
2011 49 142 000 NA ND 49 142 200
2012 106 422 000 NA 2 233 357b 106 422 000
2013 402 407 000 964 651 393 1366 1 058 393
2014 466 204 000 4966 1 675 677 5432 1 879 677
2015 191 252 000 6234 1 114 286 6425 1 366 286
2016 317 283 000 6824 1 140 286 7141 1 423 286
2017 269 223 000 6648 1 450 690 6917 1 673 690

NA: not applicable; ND: not determined; US$: United States dollar.

a One United States dollar was equivalent to approximately 35 Thai baht between 2011 and 2017.

b The average total annual cost of individual hospitals purchasing antivenoms during 2011 and 2012.