Cardiovascular disease

Implementation tools

Package of Essential Noncommunicable (PEN) disease interventions for primary health care in low-resource settings


Publication details

Number of pages: 206
Publication date: December 2013
Languages: English
ISBN: 978 92 4 150655 7



These tools of the WHO Package of Essential Noncommunicable Diseases Interventions (WHO PEN) support implementation of very cost effective interventions through an integrated approach.

Implementation of WHO PEN is a key component of the objective 4 of the Global Action Plan. These tools will enable early detection and management of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases and cancer to prevent life threatening complications (e.g. heart attacks, stroke, kidney failure, amputations, blindness).

Effective implementation of WHO PEN, combined with other very cost effective population-wide interventions, will help even resource constrained settings to attain the global voluntary targets related to reduction of premature mortality and preventionof heart attacks and strokes.

Equitable financing of interventions in WHO PEN can be a first step for addressing prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases within the universal health coverage agenda.