Research and global partnership initiatives
Cardiovascular Health Research Initiative in developing countries
The CVD Research Initiative began in November 1998 as a joint programme of WHO and the Global Forum for Health Research. The partnership has since expanded to include the Institute of Medicine, World Heart Federation, National Public Health Institute (Finland), World Hypertension League, International Obesity Task Force, International Institute for Health and Development (Australia), Institut Universitaire de Médecine Sociale et Préventive (Switzerland), Centres for Disease Control (USA), and National Institutes of Health (USA). The Initiative has developed six multicentre collaborative research projects on capacity assessment, surveillance, community-based interventions, clinical management and global information networks.
INTER-HEART: risk factors for acute myocardial infarction
INTER-HEART is a global case-control study that seeks to understand the importance of both traditional and emerging risk factors for acute myocardial infarction. The findings will be relevant for developing health policies that can be applied to different countries and ethnic groups. The study may also lead to cohort studies in participating countries and foster a network of committed investigators in approximately 50 countries. INTER-HEART is sponsored by the WHO and the World Heart Federation, and has received funding from peer-review agencies and industry.
Air travel and venous thromboembolism
On 12–13 March 2001, WHO convened a consultation of international experts to review the evidence on air travel and venous thromboembolism. The group unanimously decided that further research to investigate possible association should be undertaken as soon as feasible, under the auspices of WHO and the International Civil Aviation Organization, and supported by an independent scientific committee. It was also recommended that the International Air Transport Association and commercial airlines should be collaborators in the research. Research protocols for a set of multicentre collaborative studies have since been developed by the Scientific Committee and are ready for implementation.