Global health ethics

HIV/AIDS

Physician wearing gloves preparing for a HIV diagnosis

Background

From its outset, the HIV epidemic has raised many ethical challenges for public health officials, researchers and clinicians, reaching from macro-level policy to micro-level clinical decisions. WHO has been supporting its Member States in addressing these ethical issues, working on equitable access to HIV services, ethical issues in testing and counselling, HIV surveillance and clinical trials.

More recently, the introduction of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and the early initiation of ARVs in individuals with HIV infection has raised a number of complex ethical issues in making strategic allocations of financial and programmatic resources for HIV prevention and treatment.