Fifth session of the Conference of the Parties to the WHO FCTC
The fifth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP5) to the WHO FCTC was held from 12 to 17 November 2012 in Seoul, Republic of Korea. The session was attended by the delegations of more than 140 Parties, as well as the representatives of seven States non-Party, six international intergovernmental and 12 nongovernmental organizations accredited as observers.
The adoption of the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products on 12 November was a significant milestone. This sets out the rules for combating illegal trade through supply chain control and international cooperation.
The COP adopted a set of guiding principles and recommendations to support the implementation of Article 6 (price and tax measures to reduce the demand for tobacco). A process was established for further developing policy options and recommendations on Article 17 and 18, which concerns economically sustainable alternatives to tobacco growing, in time for the next session. The COP also mandated further work in promoting South-South and triangular cooperation.
The Parties also made a collective commitment, in the Seoul Declaration, to accelerate the implementation of the Convention and to protect it from interference by the tobacco industry. The Declaration also commits Parties to cooperate with each other, the Convention Secretariat and other international bodies in order to strengthen their capacity to implement the Convention.