GARD Symposium for Eastern European countries

23 - 24 March 2007

Burden of chronic respiratory diseases in Eastern Europe

Chairpersons: Nikolai Khaltaev, Władysław Pierzchała

The Symposium continued with presentations on the burden of chronic respiratory diseases in Eastern Europe and on various initiatives for their control (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Poland, the Russian Federation, Romania, Slovakia).

Ewa Niżankowska-Mogilnicka , Collegium Medium, Jagiellonian University, showed the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Poland presenting from the first epidemiological studies carried out before 1987 to the most recent Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease (BOLD) studies.

Vitezslav Kolek, Czech Pneumological and Phthiseological Society, illustrated the burden of chronic respiratory diseases in Czech Republic and the current work of associations working in the respiratory medicine, and identified the possible role for GARD.

Andrey Belevsky, Russian Respiratory Society, described the prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases in the Russian Federation, the current role of the general practitioners and the available resources in the field. He also illustrated a proposed timeframe for the development of GARD in the Russian Federation taking into consideration the existing survey on the burden of chronic respiratory diseases initiated by WHO in 2004 in Ryazan.

Ladislav Chovan, President of the Slovakian Respiratory Society, illustrated the prevalence and mortality due to chronic respiratory diseases and tuberculosis and a proposal for the work of GARD in Slovakia.

Florin Mihaltan, President of the Romanian Respiratory Society, focused on the burden of COPD in Romania. In particular he described epidemiology studies, risk factors, compliance to guidelines, exacerbations and costs, therapy in ambulatory and reimbursement of COPD treatment, and identified needs and gaps to which GARD could contribute.

After a brief introduction on the demographic and health indicators of his country, Kosta Kostov, Union of the Bulgarian Medical Societies, illustrated asthma and allergic rhinitis epidemiology studies in Bulgaria, such as ALLOHOME, a study on the relation of allergy/asthma and indoor air quality in households in Sofia and Burgas and the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC).