Global Health Observatory (GHO) data

Use of basic and safely managed sanitation services

Situation and trends

In 2017, 45 per cent of the global population (3.4 billion people) used a safely managed sanitation service; that is, an improved toilet or latrine which is not shared, from which excreta are safely disposed of in situ or treated off-site. 2.0 billion people still lacked even a basic sanitation service, defined as use of improved sanitation facilities which are not shared with other households. 673 million people used no sanitation facility at all, and continued to practise open defecation.

From 2000-2017 the population using basic sanitation services increased by over 2 billion people, or 1.02 percentage points per year. Urban-rural disparities persist: 7 out of 10 people that do not use basic sanitation services live in rural areas.