All countries face decisions about what to include in a publicly-funded benefit package for health. Decisions concern which health services to include, as well as related rules such as a requirement to use the referral system, making co-payments, or being subject to waiting lists.
Benefit package design is a key instrument to steer the health systems towards UHC. Decisions about priority services take into account information on cost-effectiveness, impact on financial protection, and equity in access across a population. Ensuring the effective delivery of benefits also requires coordination with policies on revenue raising, pooling, purchasing, and service delivery.