Successful IPV introduction relies on effective planning with measurable outcomes and processes. Key components of planning include vaccine procurement and supply, cold chain and logistics, health worker training, communications, and social mobilization.
Vaccine management, cold chain and logistics
Vaccine management encompasses activities related to vaccine handling at the country level from the moment they arrive until the moment they are used. It includes ensuring sufficient storage volume; appropriate temperature monitoring; maintaining standards of buildings, equipment and vehicles; and vaccine delivery systems.
Well-planned, adequately funded communications affect the success of immunization services and are particularly needed to achieve vaccination coverage goals and maintain trust in vaccines. A communications plan and its activities – such as media briefings, stakeholder engagement, and social mobilization – should all be guided by research findings, carefully planned, and systematically implemented, ideally integrated within the overall immunization programme plan or vaccine introduction plan.
Application of the WHO Multi-Dose Vial Policy for IPV
In November 2014, the multi-dose vials of IPV produced by Sanofi Pasteur and Bilthoven Biologicals were approved for use for up to 28 days after opening.
The approval decision was based on new preservative efficacy data from studies conducted by Bilthoven Biologicals and Sanofi Pasteur on their IPV vaccines presented in 5 and 10 dose-vials. The data showed that both multi-dose vaccine presentations may be used up to 28 days after opening, provided that the product is appropriately handled and stored.
More information on the application of the multi-dose vial policy (MDVP) for IPV and the programmatic implications is available on the following document:
To support the training of health workers on vaccine handling practices corresponding to the VVM placement, the following adaptable job aids have been developed:
The following materials are available to support the training of front-line health workers in skills needed to administer IPV and communicate with caregivers and communities about polio and IPV. Materials include resources for training sessions, guides for facilitators, key messages and frequently asked questions.
Note: There are two versions of module 4. Based on your country’s policy on the MDVP, please select the appropriate module.