Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

SAGE issues its 2018 assessment report of the Global Vaccine Action Plan

Immunization has proven the test of time as one of public health’s most cost-effective interventions. In 2017, the number of children immunized – 116.2 million – was the highest ever reported. Since 2010, 113 countries have introduced new vaccines, and more than 20 million additional children have been vaccinated.

Nevertheless, this year starkly illustrates how easily hard-won gains are lost. Because of low coverage nationally, or pockets of low coverage, multiple WHO regions have been hit with large measles and diphtheria outbreaks causing many deaths. The continued detection of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus is further evidence that national immunization programmes are not achieving the goal of reaching every child.

This picture provides a backdrop for discussions of the future of immunization after 2020. The immunization community must seek to maintain its hard-won gains but also aim to do more and to do things better. Immunization is a central pillar of universal health coverage, providing an infrastructure for effective and equitable health systems. Immunization contributes to multiple Sustainable Development Goals, global health security and the battle against antimicrobial resistance.

fact buffet


85%of infants vaccinated with 3 doses of DTP containing vaccine in 2016

Immunization coverage factsheet


19.9 milliondid not receive routine life-saving vaccinations in 2017

Immunization coverage data
pdf, 1.27Mb


98countries have a NITAG (National Immunization Technical Advisory Groups) which meets GVAP functionality criteria in 2017

NITAG resource center

Global Vaccine Action Plan reports

SAGE assessment reports

Annual assessments by the Strategy Group of Experts on Immunization on the progress towards GVAP targets.
(2018: 36 pages)

GVAP secretariat reports

Annual reports with detailed analysis on the trends for all GVAP indicators. Also includes regional progress reports (annex) and independent submissions.

World Health Assembly and Executive Board Reports

Annual progress reports by the Secretariat to WHO governing bodies and WHA resolutions related to GVAP.

Global and Regional Vaccine Action Plans

Last updated: 5 November 2018