Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Guidance and Tools

This page makes available existing guidelines and tools related to immunization financing and targeted at immunization service managers, policy-makers, researchers, international donors and health planners in developing countries.

Making a comprehensive Multi-Year Plan for Immunization - WHO-UNICEF cMYP Guidelines and Tools

These guidelines are intended to assist country programme managers prepare a comprehensive multi-year plan (cMYP) for their national immunization programme according to the approach to planning for immunization developed by WHO and UNICEF. These guidelines provide detailed information about the required elements for country level strategic planning for immunization, and are designed to fit within health sector planning and budgeting processes including critical elements of costing and financing. Accompanying these cMYP guidelines is a costing and financing tool and user guide.

Framework for Immunization Financing Assessments (2012-16)

A methodological framework to assess financial sustainability in countries has been developed in 2012 by WHO and Partner Institutions within the Immunization Financing and Sustainable Task Team. The purpose of the framework is to gather and analyze specific information concerning the situation for countries facing financial and programmatic difficulties to strengthen their immunization systems and to outline the prospects for financing their immunization programs, including vaccines, operational costs and GAVI co-financing requirements. The framework has been applied in several countries and can be adapted to specific country context and needs.

The Immunization Financing Toolkit: A Resource Guide for Advocates, Policymakers, and Program Managers

The Immunization Financing Toolkit is a series of short briefs on different options for financing national immunization programs and vaccines. It is intended to serve as a resource for program managers and decision makers in ministries of health, planning, and finance. The Toolkit brings together the most up-to-date knowledge on the characteristics of various types of financing mechanisms as well as information on how the mechanisms are being implemented in practice, their potential benefits, and their limitations. Where possible, case studies on specific financing options are included.

WHO guide for standardization of economic evaluations of immunization programmes (WHO, 2008)

This guide was developed to help meet the need of decision-makers for relevant, reliable and consistent economic information; it aims to provide clear and concise, practical, high-quality guidance to those who conduct economic evaluations.

Guidelines for preparing a Financial Sustainability Plan (FSP) for a national immunization programme (GAVI, 2004)

These guidelines have been developed by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) and are intended to assist countries to prepare a Financial Sustainability Plan (FSP) for their National Immunization Programme. The guidelines provide detailed information about the required elements of a FSP and how to develop these.

Financial Sustainability Diagnostic Tool for a national immunization programme (WHO, 2004)

The Financial Sustainability Diagnostic Tool (FSDt) is a qualitative tool that allows for a rapid qualitative assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of a National Immunization Programme in terms of the requirements for developing and implementing a viable Financial Sustainability Plan (FSP). Hence, it should be used prior to developing a FSP and in complement to the Guidelines for Preparing a Financial Sustainability Plan for a National Immunization Programme.

Financing assessment tool for immunization services: guidelines for performing a country assessment (USAID/PHR, 2000)

The Partnership for Health Reform - Abt Associates Immunization Financing Tool (IF), is intended for in-depth, systematic evaluations of the costs and financing of immunization programmes. The IF tool offers a checklist and tables that guide the user through information gathering, estimating current costs and financing and developing a 5-year plan.

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World Health Organization (WHO)
Immunization, Vaccines & Biologicals Department (IVB)
Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI)
20 Avenue Appia
CH -1211, Geneva 27