Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals

Linking with other interventions

Integration is one of the six guiding principles of the Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011-2020 (GVAP) which recognizes that that the achievement of immunization goals depends on strong immunization programmes that are closely coordinated and work in synergy with other primary health care delivery programmes. Strategic Objective #4 of GVAP (pages 50-57) further expands on the opportunity for immunization to serve as a delivery platform for other priority public health interventions.

Effective integration between programmes can also contribute to increasing vaccination coverage by reducing Missed Opportunities of Vaccination (MOV). A MOV is defined as any visit to a health facility by a child (or adult) who is eligible for vaccination (unvaccinated, partially vaccinated or, not up-to-date, and free of contraindications to vaccination), which does not result in the person receiving all the vaccine doses for which he or she is eligible.

This section includes information about interventions that have successfully been integrated in routine immunization services and during vaccination campaigns which will enable countries to make decisions about packages of interventions to be provided during immunization activities. Further information on reducing MOV can be found at the link below.

Vitamin A supplementation


Malaria Control and Immunization

Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI)

The integrated Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhoea (GAPPD)


HIV Testing

Linking HIV testing with EPI services provides opportunities for early infant diagnosis of infected babies and to ensure that testing coincides with immunization.

Reducing Missed Opportunities of Vaccination (MOV)

Last reviewed: February 2017