Influenza

Public health preparedness

Public Health Preparedness
WHO /Elena Longarini

The impact of pandemic influenza outbreaks on individuals and societies can be reduced by being well prepared. This means having a comprehensive plan, that has been tested and refined through conducting exercises, engaging the whole of society.

National plans should be flexible enough to respond to outbreaks of various intensity. Communication will be one of the most challenging tasks during an outbreak and it should be planned well in advance.

Pandemic Influenza Risk Management

PIRM update May 2017

Influenza pandemics are unpredictable but recurring events that can have consequences on human health and economic well-being worldwide. Advance planning and preparedness are critical to help mitigate the impact of a pandemic. This WHO guidance document, “Pandemic Influenza Risk Management” (PIRM), updates and replaces the “Pandemic Influenza Risk Management: WHO Interim Guidance” published in 2013.

A checklist for pandemic influenza risk and impact management

PIRM checklist

This checklist is a tool to help national authorities to develop or update national pandemic influenza preparedness plans for managing the risk and impact of an influenza pandemic under the guiding principles of the 2017 WHO pandemic influenza preparedness framework - “Pandemic Influenza Risk Management”. It updates and replaces the 2005 WHO checklist for influenza pandemic preparedness planning.

Essential steps for developing or updating a national pandemic influenza preparedness plan

essential steps influenza

This document focuses on the processes of national pandemic influenza preparedness planning. The aim is to ensure that, when countries develop or update a plan, the objectives are clear and the essential steps and actions are taken. It should be used in conjunction with the checklist – A checklist for pandemic influenza risk and impact management: building capacity for pandemic response published in January 2018 and its applications, which focuses on the capacities to ensure that countries take into account all the essential capacities for pandemic response in the pandemic influenza preparedness planning.

A practical guide for developing and conducting simulation exercise to test and validate pandemic influenza preparedness plans (September 2018)

The aim of this document is to support countries in developing and conducting simulation exercises to test and validate their national pandemic influenza preparedness plans. It is intended to provide practical guidance on how to select, plan, conduct and evaluate simulation exercises specific to pandemic influenza preparedness and response, and how to set up a process for using the outcomes of these exercises to review and improve pandemic influenza preparedness plans.

Pandemic influenza preparedness in WHO Member States: Report of a Member States survey

It’s been a decade since the most recent influenza pandemic which occurred in 2009. Many lessons were learned and good practices in pandemic preparedness were identified from the response to the pandemic. Although progress has been made among Member States in pandemic preparedness since then, many countries still lack important preparedness capacities or have not updated their pandemic influenza preparedness plans. In late 2018, the WHO Global Influenza Programme consulted its Member States through a survey to better understand the current level of pandemic preparedness among Member States and to identify the capacity areas in which WHO and its partners should focus their technical assistance in the coming years. This report summarizes the findings of this Member States survey.


Influenza Preparedness Plans


General Emergency and Health Plans


Access to Pandemic Influenza Vaccine and Products


Guidance for Surveillance during an Influenza Pandemic