Pandemic Influenza Risk Management
A WHO guide to inform & harmonize national & international pandemic preparedness and response
This guidance updates and replaces the “Pandemic Influenza Risk Management: WHO Interim Guidance” published in 2013, which was a revision of the “Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response: a WHO Guidance Document” published in 2009.
The main updates from the 2013 interim guidance are:
- Alignment with other relevant United Nations policies for crisis and emergency management, and
- Inclusion of the significant development in recent years of the strategies for pandemic vaccine response during the start of a pandemic.
Key highlights of the 2013 interim guidance from 2009 guidance include the following:
- Focus upon risk assessment at national level to guide national level actions
- Revised approach to global phases
- Flexibility through uncoupling of national actions from global phases
- Inclusion of principles of emergency risk management for health, and
- New and updated annexes on planning assumptions, ethical considerations, whole-of-society approach, business continuity planning, representative parameters for core severity indicators, and containment measures.
This finalized guidance is now released to support national and global pandemic preparedness and risk management.