Malaria elimination


Malaria elimination is the interruption of indigenous transmission of a specified malaria parasite species in a defined geographic area. Certification of malaria elimination in a country requires that indigenous transmission is interrupted for all human malaria species. Continued measures are required to prevent the re-establishment of transmission. Countries are situated at different points along the road to elimination. The rate of progress will depend on the strength of the national health system, the level of investment in malaria control and a number of other factors, including biological determinants; the environment; and the social, demographic, political and economic realities of a particular country.

Overview of malaria elimination

Sustained political commitment, adequate resourcing and effective partnerships are all fundamental to the success of malaria elimination programmes.

Prevention of re-establishment

After malaria cases have been reduced to zero in a particular area or country, preventing re-establishment of the disease is a key concern.

Certification process

Certification of malaria elimination is the official recognition of malaria-free status granted by WHO.

Advisory committees on elimination

Three committees currently support WHO's malaria elimination goals: the Malaria Elimination Oversight Committee (MEOC), the Malaria Elimination Certification Panel (MECP) and the Strategic advisory group on malaria eradication (SAGme).

Key resources

World malaria report 2019

This report contains the latest available data on malaria policies, interventions and trends in all endemic countries.

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Global Malaria Programme
World Health Organization
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Tel: +41 22 791 2533
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