Medical devices

Target product profiles (TPP's)

The purpose of a TPP is to inform product developers of key characteristics and performance specifications required to meet the end user’s needs for a defined use case. TPPs often include an optimal and minimal definition for each performance characteristic.
MSF and FIND partnered with the World Health Organization (WHO) to conduct a consensus target product profile (TPP) development process for MAPDx, consisting of an instrument and a generic assay cartridge.
The Advisory Committee for Innovative Personal Protective Equipment, including expert members of WHO, MSF, CDC, USAID, and other academic institutions, integrated 4 groups to define the ideal characteristics of PPE.

Innovative technologies

Innovative Technologies

Innovative technologies serve to fill existing gaps in the availability of health technologies to vulnerable populations through the provision of new solutions to health problems, the adaptation of existing technologies to a particular setting or for a new use, and the combination of technologies to address several health issues at once. WHO has been working, along with experts, collaborating centres and Member States, to raise awareness on innovative technologies.

Local Production and Technology Transfer

Key initiatives


Appropriate, affordable and good quality medical devices are indispensable in healthcare services. They serve for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. In the context of the Global Strategy and Plan of Action on Public Health Innovation and Intellectual Property, the World Health Organization (WHO) with support from the European Union developed this two project reports on medical devices access through local production.

More on local production for access to medical products

The global need for access to effective, innovative, and affordable medical devices is a critical component of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. Medical devices, assistive technologies, and eHealth are essential tools for the attainment of the WHO goal of 3 billion lives saved as stated in the 13th General Programme of Work. Lack of access to quality, affordable medical devices is most apparent in low – and middle – income countries and contributes to global health inequalities.