Essential medicines and health products

Measuring transparency in the public pharmaceutical sector

Assessment Instrument

Publication details

Number of pages: 196
Publication date: March 2009
Languages: English
WHO reference number: WHO/EMP/MAR/2009.4


Pharmaceuticals are indispensable to health systems; by complementing other types of health‐care services they can reduce morbidity and mortality rates and enhance quality of life. Therefore, access to health‐care and essential medicines is increasingly being viewed as a fundamental human right1. Yet the ability of pharmaceuticals to save lives, reduce suffering and improve health depends on their being of good quality, safe, available, affordable and properly used.