Noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors

September 2018. A new WHO tool offers for the first time country-specific data on WHO “Best Buys” for scaling up interventions to prevent and treat NCDs in low- and lower-middle income countries. The Best Buys represent the greatest cost-benefit for tackling NCDs, and include reducing tobacco and alcohol consumption and unhealthy diets; increasing physical activity, and improving the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes. The tool extricates data which informed the WHO report: Saving lives, spending less: a strategic response to noncommunicable diseases such as information on the additional per person, per year investment needed to implement the Best Buys and the return on investment for each Best Buy policy. If all countries use these interventions, the world would move significantly closer to achieving SDG target 3.4 to reduce premature death from NCDs by one-third by 2030.

New Commission urges world leaders to step up fight on chronic diseases to save 15 million lives

1 June 2018: Despite the many proven interventions and commitments to combat NCDs, progress has been slow and uneven globally. The WHO Independent High-level Commission on NCDs was convened by the WHO Director-General in October 2017 to advise him on how countries can accelerate progress. The Commission’s report includes six key recommendations.

WHO to establish high-level commission on noncommunicable diseases

10 October 2017 - Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), announced today the establishment of a new High-level Commission on Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs). The announcement came at the 64th Session of WHO’s Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean being held in Islamabad, 9-12 October.

WHO launches Tackling NCDs - "Best buys"

October 2017. This document provides policymakers with a list of ‘best buys’ and other recommended interventions to address noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) based on an update of Appendix 3 of the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020. A list of options is presented for each of the four key risk factors for NCDs (tobacco, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity) and for four disease areas (cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory disease).

70th World Health Assembly adopts resolution endorsing update of Appendix 3

May 2017. On 31 May a resolution was adopted endorsing an updated list of evidence-based and cost-effective interventions for the prevention and control of NCDs. The list, featured as Appendix 3 of the WHO Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013-2020, was revised based on new evidence using WHO-CHOICE. From a total of 88 proposed interventions, the updated Appendix 3 contains 16 interventions which are considered the most cost-effective and feasible for implementation. Among them are enacting and enforcing comprehensive bans on tobacco advertising; increasing excise taxes on alcoholic beverages; reducing salt intake through the reformulation of food products; offering drug therapy and counselling to those who have had a heart attack or stroke; vaccinating girls aged 9-13 years against human papillomavirus; and screening women aged 30-49 years for cervical cancer.

Updated tool for developing national multisectoral action plan for NCDs

This updated web-based tool will assist policy-makers and programme managers in developing, implementing and monitoring national multisectoral plans. It covers the main steps from situation assessment, stakeholder engagement, and setting national NCD targets to implementation and monitoring and evaluation, including practical templates and examples.

Third UN High-level Meeting on NCDs

The 2014 UN Outcome Document on NCDs (resolution A/RES/68/271) decided that in 2018, the United Nations General Assembly will convene a comprehensive review of the progress achieved in the prevention and control of NCDs.

The scope and modalities of the third High-level Meeting on NCDs will be subject to the adoption of a modalities resolution, which Member States will negotiate in early 2018 setting out the objective of the meeting, the level of participation, and its duration.

Second UN High-level Meeting on NCDs

The United Nations General Assembly will convene a high-level meeting to undertake a comprehensive review and assessment on the prevention and control of NCDs on 10 and 11 July 2014 in New York.

First UN High-level Meeting on NCDs

In September 2011, world leaders assembled at the first High-level Meeting of the UN General Assembly on NCDs and agreed on a road map of commitments on how governments will develop national NCD responses. In July 2014, Ministers assembled at the second High-level Meeting and adopted four time-bound national commitments for 2015 and 2016. They also agreed that the third High-level Meeting will take place in 2018. Both High-level Meetings also gave specific assignments to WHO and its Governing Bodies. This website provides an overview of the outcomes of the High-level Meetings, the status of those specific assignments given to WHO, and the preparatory process leading to the third High-level Meeting in 2018.