National Multisectoral NCD Policies, Strategies and Plans
In response to the commitment expressed through the 2011 Political Declaration on NCDs, several governments around the world have developed national policies, strategies and/or plans of action to prevent and control NCDs.
National NCD multisectoral policies, strategies and plans, serve to guide efforts to address the growing threat of cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases, among other NCDs. WHO recommends that they be concrete and contain objectives, priorities, targets, timetables, budgets and an integrated monitoring framework in line with related global efforts. WHO also advocates that they be developed in a participatory manner, involving both government and nongovernment actors alike, and that responsibility be assigned for all stages of their implementation.
The WHO NCD MAP Toolkit
The purpose of this toolkit is to assist policy-makers and programme managers in developing, implementing and evaluating national multisectoral NCD plans. It covers the main steps from situation assessment, stakeholder engagement, and setting national NCD targets to implementation and monitoring and evaluation. , including practical templates and examples. Countries are encouraged to adapt the tool in accordance with their national context.
Strengthening national capacity for NCD implementation research
Despite robust scientific evidence on NCD prevention and control, there is a gap in effectively turning this information into practice. Understanding how to effectively implement interventions is vital in developing ambitious national responses to the NCD related targets included in the Global Action Plan and SDGs. Challenges emerge when evidence is implemented into a context where the original research did not occur or a population that is vastly varied in demographics. Implementation research supports the effective implementation of NCD policies and interventions.