Neglected tropical diseases

Innovative and Intensified Disease Management (IDM)


IDM focuses on diseases for which cost-effective control tools do not exist and where large-scale use of existing tools is limited.

The diseases include Buruli ulcer, Chagas disease, human African trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis and yaws and share the following characteristics:

  • difficult and costly to manage – diagnosis, treatment and follow up;
  • burden is poorly understood;
  • lack of appropriate control tools;
  • relatively lower investment in research and development;
  • people affected often live in remote rural areas with limited access to diagnosis and treatment.


To allow these diseases to be easily managed within the primary health-care system and ultimately eliminated as a public health problem.


  • To intensify disease management using existing tools.
  • To encourage the rapid development and implementation of better control tools and to ensure the full involvement of national control programmes.
  • To advocate for health service development in affected areas.


To enhance NTD control by combining expertise in disease-specific areas with cross-cutting issues such as surveillance, capacity building, advocacy and research.