Neglected tropical diseases

Vector Ecology and Management (VEM)


VEM develops and promotes strategies and guidelines based on the principles and approaches of integrated vector management, including sound management of pesticides.

Vector control is an important component in the prevention and control of vector-borne diseases, specifically for transmission control

Integrated Vector Management: 'A rational decision-making process for the optimal use of resources for vector control'


To contribute to the reduction of the public health burden caused by vector-borne diseases.

  • To develop and promote guidelines and strategies for the sustainable and cost-effective application of vector control interventions within the context of the Global Strategic Framework for Integrated Vector Management, and to assist and monitor their implementation by Member States.
  • To increase access to less hazardous and cost-effective tools and technologies for vector control, including pesticides.
  • Intensify collaboration with Member States, industry, nongovernmental organizations, other United Nations agencies, regional and international organizations and relevant WHO programmes relating to vector control and sound management of pesticides.
  • Disseminate policies, strategies, guidelines and standards relating to vector control and to the use and quality control of pesticides and application equipment.
  • Establish and strengthen data collection mechanisms to monitor the implementation of policies, strategies and guidelines on vector control and the use of pesticides in public health.