Global situation of pesticide management in agriculture and public health
Report of a 2018 WHO–FAO survey
Global pesticide use has steadily increased over the past decades. The need to implement strategies that reduce the reliance on chemical pesticides (e.g. integrated pest management, integrated vector management) is widely recognized. But where pesticides continue to be used for food production and in public health, the adverse effects on human health and the environment must be minimized. The International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management provides a framework for the management of agricultural and public health pesticides, promoting best practices of regulation, use and management of pesticides. However, there are signs that the adoption of best practices of pesticide management has been slow, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.
A global survey was conducted by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to describe the current situation regarding pest management in agriculture and public health. The survey questionnaire was developed in three parts, for distribution to the relevant authorities. Part I covered registration and regulation of both agricultural and public health pesticides. Part II covered pesticide application in agriculture. Part III covered public health pesticide application, specifically for vector-borne disease control. In total, 194 countries were targeted with each part of the questionnaire; 56 countries responded to Part I (29% response rate), 52 to Part II (27% response rate) and 94 to Part III (48% response rate).