Neglected tropical diseases

Vector control

Equipment for vector control specification guidelines ‒ Second edition

This document provides the specifications for major pesticide application equipment used for control of vectors of diseases. The specification guidelines contained herein are intended to assist national authorities and other public health users in selecting equipment of assured quality for application of pesticides for vector control.
This second edition of the specification guidelines follows a similar format to that of the revised edition published in 2010, in which general requirements are presented in addition to the specific requirements for individual types of equipment. The current guidelines supersede the specifications previously published by WHO for such equipment. This second edition also includes specifications of equipment for application of larvicides as well as those for some additional equipment for adulticides.

Indoor application of residual sprays – Third edition

Indoor residual spraying is extensively used, especially for malaria and Chagas disease vector control. However, vector control programmes frequently lack well-trained field staff to apply the insecticides and to maintain the application equipment. With good skills and quality application equipment, hazards to human health and the environment, as well as financial losses, can be avoided.

The WHOPES Manual for indoor residual spraying – application of residual sprays for vector control is intended to serve as a “model” for developing relevant training materials and procedures at country level, to ensure safe and effective use of insecticides in vector control programmes.

Space spray application of insecticides

Space spraying provides a rapid method of controlling flying insect pests or vectors. However, it may not be an appropriate and economical method of control for all vectors/pests and situations.

The WHOPES manual Space spray application of insecticides for vector and public health pest control – a practitioner’s guide provides a brief description of the main types of space spray equipment as well as the operational guidelines for space spray application of insecticides.

Insecticide treatment of mosquito nets

A more simplified approach to insecticide treatment of mosquito nets (ITNs) is based on experiences in the field over recent years and a better understanding of insecticides and their interaction with netting materials. The document is designed for use by national control programmes, dipping centres, mobile teams, village health workers, nongovernmental organizations, bednet and insecticide manufacturers and others who promote the judicious use of ITNs.
The approach can be found in Instructions for treatment and use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets, Geneva, World Health Organization.