Sexual and reproductive health

The Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS) Questionnaire and Training Suite

Very young adolescents

The ages 10 to 14 are among the most critical for human development, yet one of the most poorly understood stages of the life course. While biological processes are universal, the social contexts within which they occur vary considerably. Across early adolescence, young people are expected to assume socially defined gender roles that shape their sexual and reproductive health future.

The GEAS questionnaire collects information on:

  • Socio-demographic and contextual characteristics: individual, family, household, peer, school, and neighborhood
  • Health and behaviours: Self-perceived health and body comfort, mental health, sexual and reproductive health, adversity and violence, substance use, romantic and sexual experiences, and media engagement
  • Perceptions of gender norms and gender attitudes: Gender norms scales, gender stereotypical roles, gender stereotypical traits, and the vignettes-based measure of gender equality

The questionnaire is available to download in two forms, PDF and QSF, on the GEAS website. The QSF files will allow you to import, customize and administer electronic surveys on the Qualtrics platform. While the GEAS is unable to support in-depth support for this feature, more information is available online pertaining to getting started with Qualtrics platform, no-cost Qualtrics accounts and importing Qualtrics survey files. importing Qualtrics survey files

Additional GEAS qualitative measures (e.g., narrative interviews, documentation forms, interview guides, protocols, training materials, vignette workshops, and vignettes protocols) are available upon request at the GEAS website

Origin of the Questionnaire

The GEAS questionnaire draws from existing validated scales and items and also includes new bespoke scales created to obtain information intended to illuminate the Study's research questions. The gender norms scales were created using themes identified in narrative interviews with adolescents and parents in urban or peri-urban sites around the world by an international research team for the purpose of measuring gender norms among young adolescents internationally, filling a gap in survey tools. The vignettes-based measure of gender equality draws from stories shared and enacted by young adolescents around the world at intensive workshops. Stories common across sites were aggregated and form the basis of the Measure, which aims to illuminate attitudes about gender equity and equality.

Validity and Pilot Testing

The questionnaire was tested for face validity among 20 adolescents aged 10-14 in each of 15 poor urban or peri-urban sites around the world, pilot tested among 120 adolescents in 14 sites, and after revising, pilot tested again among 75 adolescents in 6 sites.