Sexual and reproductive health

Female genital mutilation: a handbook for frontline workers

World Health Organization, Department of Gender and Women's Health

FGM: a handbook for frontline workers

Publication details

Number of pages: 104
Publication date: 2000
Languages: English
WHO reference number: WHO/FCH/WMH/005 - Web only


The purpose of this handbook is to share with readers the key findings of the research projects. The aim is to increase the effectiveness of prevention campaigns at all levels by increasing understanding of the practice, and by identifying what does and does not work in the field and why.

The handbook is intended primarily for non-governmental organizations (NGOs) committed to the elimination of FGM, and for others working at the frontline with communities that practice it, for example health service personnel. But it should be of interest, also, to those responsible for policy-making in this field at national and international levels.