Sexual and reproductive health

A multi-country study on gender, sexuality and vaginal practices

Implications for sexual health: a policy brief

Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization

Front cover

Publication details

Number of pages: 4
Publication date: 2012
Languages: English
WHO reference number: WHO/RHR/12.25 - Web only


The aim of this study was to identify and document vaginal practices in four countries (Indonesia, Thailand, Mozambique and South Africa), to seek an understanding of their motivations and to explore the role they play in women’s health, sexuality and sense of wellbeing. The study also sought women’s report of adverse effects associated with specific practices and products.