Sexual and reproductive health

QUIZ: Adolescent sexual and reproductive health

Young people participate in a sexuality education session, India
Young people participate in a sexuality education session, India
© Smita Sharma for IWHC

1 The right age to begin sexuality education is:

According to International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education, there is no magic date to start sexuality education. Even pre-school children can be given developmentally appropriate information e.g. to teach them about their bodies and to shape their thinking about gender equality.

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2 Contraceptive methods such as pills, injectables, implants and intrauterine devices have negative effects on the health of adolescent girls.

Age does not constitute a medical reason for refusing to provide contraception. In other words, there is no medical reason for withholding the provision of contraceptive methods to adolescents.

Image of infographic on contraception

3 Child marriage – in which one or both persons are below the age of 18 – affects:

Globally it is estimated that 1 in 5 girls below the age of 18 are married or in other forms of union. In some countries however, the proportion of girls married by the age of 18 is higher - 1 in 3.

Infographic on child marriage

4 The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine is an effective means of preventing:

Over time, infection with the Human Papilloma Virus leads to cancer of the cervix. Administration of the HPV vaccine to girls between the ages of 9 and 13 prevents this infection and the subsequent development of cervical cancer.

HPV vaccine infographic

5 Who is more likely agree that it is right for a man to beat his wife is she does something wrong (e.g... does not take care of the children, burns the food, leaves the house without permission, is disrespectful or refuses sex)?

In many countries, adolescent girls are more likely to believe that violence is justified than adolescent boys. Further, in many countries, adolescent girls and boys are more likely to justify violence than adult women and men.

Group of adolescents
UNICEF/Graham Crouch

6 What is the leading cause of death among 15-19 year old girls?

Pregnancy and childbirth complications are the leading cause of death among 15-19 year old girls globally, followed by self-harm, road injuries, diarrheal diseases, and tuberculosis. To prevent early pregnancy and poor reproductive outcomes among adolescents, WHO recommends the following: reduce marriage before the age of 18 years; reduce pregnancy before the age of 20 years; increase use of contraception by adolescents at risk of unintended pregnancy; reduce coerced sex among adolescents; reduce unsafe abortion among adolescents; and increase use of skilled antenatal, childbirth, and postnatal care among adolescents

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