Tuberculosis (TB)

Practical Approach to Lung Health (PAL)

Why is PAL useful?

  • Up to one-third of patients over the age of 5 years attending primary health care (PHC) settings seek health care for respiratory symptoms.
  • Ideally, TB cases should be detected among patients with respiratory symptoms within PHC settings.
  • In many countries, standardized procedures have been clearly defined for the management of TB and acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children, but no such formulations exist for patients over 5 years of age with respiratory symptoms.
  • In PHC facilities, the majority of patients with respiratory symptoms aged 5 years or more are identified as non-TB cases, and at least 80% of them are considered to be ARI cases.
  • Antibiotics are prescribed for more than two-thirds of patients with respiratory symptoms.